Month: June 2018

Pros And 3 Cons Of Being An Interior Designer

Interior designing just like any other occupation is filled with its share of pros and cons. When you take up interior designing as a career you are bound to face various ups and downs of the profession. Stated below are three of the negatives and positives of being an interior designer.

Pros:

*Advancement: An interior designer advances himself through his own skill and creativity. When it comes to advancing in his career, the sky is the limit. It all depends on how much work he is ready to put in and how good he really is. Success follows suit!

*Requirement: At any given time, an opportunity presents itself for interior designers. The job is such, that the services of an interior designer are required by someone or the other. This is due to the current trend in people to change the look of their homes or offices from time to time in order to keep up with the changing trend.

*Choosing work: Interior designers work mostly on a contract basis. Independent interior designers, have the choice to take up a particular work. You get to work for yourself, i.e. you are your own boss. It’s not necessary that you have to pick up every project that comes your way, not many jobs let you do that , do they?

Cons:

*Stress: An interior designer’s job is tough. Multiple workloads may lead to huge amount of stress. Although stress is part and parcel of any occupation it is a con which cannot be ignored. The stress factor will lead to health related issues later on and thus must be dealt with from time to time.

*Clients: Working according to client requirements is one thing, and working on some haywire scheme of the client is another thing. Interior designers are sometimes approached by clients who will have some unrealistic and sometimes absurd ideas. These ideas are not only ludicrous but impossible to manage. Handling such clients will prove testing.

*Competition: You do realize that you will not be the only interior designer out in the market. There will be others who will provide their services at lower rates. Competition is one of the major things an interior designer worries about. Nothing irks them more than their client going to their competitor because of his lower rate!

Working as an interior designer is both rewarding and challenging. Getting the rewards depends on how you meet the challenges.

Categories: Interior Design

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Cutting Tools

What are cutting tools? They are tools used to cut through all kinds of hard materials, be it metal or glass. Time was when cutting tools were made of iron with carborundum or loose emery as the abrasive. Today, tools are usually made with the working edge embedded with small diamond particles. From cutting speeds of maybe five times more than ordinary machining, todays advanced tools and holders mean faster rpms and specific materials that go for specific applications. The latest in cutting tool holders is made of a new alloy called Ninitol, made from nickel and titanium.

From aluminum to hardened steels, its been a rapid move for cutting tools. High speed machines ensure increased production where deep die-casting dies are concerned. It also ensures better hardness in shallow forging dyes in tool steels. These tools cut down on expensive grinding time and electrical discharge machining. Though tooling constitutes just 3% of total productivity in manufacturing units, keeping abreast with the latest technology and using the latest cutting tools can mean accelerated production. This requires a thorough understanding of the properties of the tools and the surfaces that need to be cut.

Most cutting tool manufacturers encourage manufacturers to use the latest technology and offer training and familiarization through training programs, manuals and training through Web sites. They realize that technology in this area can only be driven from the users end. Honing in on a machining process requires a lot of planning and taking into account a whole host of variables. These include the speed of cutting, the feed rate, the depth required and the tool path. The choice of a sequence of machining operations could have a dramatic effect on the output.

And what are the methods adopted to make cutting tools? Since they are made of super hard materials, conventional materials mean slow work. The latest process is the water jet-guided laser that takes cutting speeds up to 15 mm/minute!

What are the benefits in a wider context? Since machining is so essential to manufacturing, it would, from an overall view, give the whole country a cutting edge in manufacturing.

Categories: Kitchen Cabinet

Does High Amplifier Energy Efficiency Mean High Cost

If you are about to acquire a new stereo amplifier, you may be concerned about how efficiently your amp works. I will show you exactly what the term “power efficiency” means plus why you need to take a closer look at this number in your selection of a brand new amplifier.

A fairly large amount of power is radiated as heat should you get a low-efficiency amp. This can contribute to several issues: Amps that have small power efficiency are going to waste some energy. It is smart to bear in mind the added energy expense while choosing between a high- and low-efficiency product. The squandered energy is radiated by the amp as heat. Amplifiers that have lower efficiency typically have various heat sinks to help dissipate the wasted energy. These heat sinks use up a good amount of space and make the amplifier large and heavy. Further, they raise the price of the amp. To help radiate heat, low-power-efficiency amplifiers need to have adequate air movement. As a result they can not be placed in areas with no circulation. Also, they cannot be installed inside water-resistant enclosures.

Amplifiers that have low efficiency require a bigger power source to create the identical amount of audio power as high-efficiency products. Further, because of the large level of heat, there will be significantly greater thermal stress on the electrical elements and also interior materials which may cause dependability complications. In contrast, high-efficiency amplifiers can be made small and light.

While buying an amplifier, you’ll find the efficiency in the data sheet. This figure is frequently shown as a percentage. Class-A amplifiers are amongst the least efficient and provide a efficiency of around 25% only. On the other hand, switching amplifiers, also referred to as “Class-D” amplifiers provide efficiencies of up to 98%. Acquiring an amplifier which has an efficiency of 90% as an example shows that 10% of the energy that is used is squandered while 90% will be audio power.

Then again, there are a few things to note about power efficiency. First of all, this figure will depend on on the level of energy that the amplifier is providing. Amplifiers have greater efficiency while delivering larger output power than when operating at low power mainly because of the fixed power that they consume irrespective of the output power. The efficiency value in the amp data sheet is usually provided for the greatest amplifier output power.

To determine the power efficiency, the audio energy that is used by a power resistor which is connected to the amplifier is divided by the overall energy the amp consumes while being fed a constant sine wave signal. Since the efficiency is dependent upon the audio power, usually the output power is swept and an efficiency graph generated which can display the amplifier efficiency for each level of output power.

When choosing a sound amp you will need to weigh efficiency versus fidelity given that low-efficiency analog amps frequently deliver the maximum audio fidelity whilst digital models will have greater distortion. However, digital amplifiers have come a long way and are offering better music fidelity than in the past. Class-T amplifiers come close to the music fidelity of analog amps. Due to this fact picking a switching amplifier with good audio fidelity is now possible.

Categories: Energy Efficiency

Ideas To Improve The Ambiance Of Your Work Area

Being able to have a home office is a great way to beat commuting, bad weather, crowds and annoying co workers. But in order for you to be successful at it, the first thing you need to do is design an appropriate space.

The most important part of having a work space is finding the best desk. This is the cornerstone of how your home office will be set up.

Desks are obviously essential and important, but they are useful because they remind us that we are working. Pick one that is big enough, and well designed for you to get the job done.

A chair is the second best thing to have in your home office. Get one that is good for your back and overall posture so that you will not be achy while you work.

Remember the key phrase office chair. Don’t get a stool or a rocking chair or a recliner. Go out and spend a little money on something that will be good for your body while helping you concentrate on work.

Having a desktop computer to work off of will make your working environment a lot more comfortable. There are a lot of reasons that these are better than laptops, but a couple big ones include having a larger screen to look at, as well as a better keyboard. In addition, they simply allow you to feel settled unlike a laptop, which is great for working on the go.

Now that we talked about what is necessary for your home office to work for you, we can bring up some optional ideas to complete the project such as a refrigerator and some plants.

The refrigerator isn’t just to be audacious, and it can be a really practical item to consider. You don’t have to get up and go in the kitchen when ever you get thirsty, and this can work wonders with regard to keeping yourself focused, which brings us to plants. They are great for giving off oxygen and freshening up the place, which again is really good for you.

Categories: Home Improvement

Swimming Pool Landscaping

You are going to install a swimming pool in your backyard. Have you thought how it will really look, is it just a hole in the ground filled with water, or have you thought about swimming pool landscaping?
A swimming pool only looks good if it has the right setting. A swimming pool is part of your home and without the correct pool landscaping can get tiring to look at after a while.

There are many ways to make your swimming pool look attractive. A wooden deck although these are better used for above ground pools. I have an affinity for swimming pool landscaping to use natural stone tiles as they are close to nature. After all your pool is in your backyard in which I assume you have a garden, so stone goes naturally there.

For swimming pool landscaping, stone tiles used in a formal way or as crazy paving is a natural choice as there are so many varieties to choose from. Sandstone tiles, bluestone tiles, granite tiles or even travertine or marble tiles (if you can afford the expense) look so well as a pool surround.

Some people prefer concrete (Ugh!) others prefer pebblecrete (Ugh! again) or even just grass. If grass is used you would still need to have some sort of pool edging (normally called coping tiles) These can either be square edged or bullnose. Bullnose coping tiles are preferable because they give a soft edge to your swimming pool.

Your swimming pool landscaping should compliment your house, leading from your patio or outdoor room and then surrounding your swimming pool.

Your pool uses a pump to pump water from your pool through a filter and then back into your pool. Why waste this, as pool landscaping feature why not build a wall at one end of the pool and use the water to create a waterfall or similar effect. Falling water can have such a relaxing effect as you lay by the side of your pool.

In all treat your swimming pool landscaping as if you were setting the dcor on the inside of your house after all the house and the outside of your house all comprise your home.

Categories: Landscaping

Selecting The Right Windows For Energy Efficiency

Selecting The Right Windows for Energy Efficiency

New window technologies have increased energy benefits and comfort, and have provided more practical options for consumers. This selection guide will help homeowners, architects, and builders take advantage of the expanding window market. The guide contains three
sections: an explanation of energy-related window characteristics, a discussion of window energy performance ratings, and a convenient checklist for window selection.

Selecting the right window for a specific home invariably requires tradeoffs between different
energy performance features, and with other non-energy issues. An understanding of some basic energy concepts is therefore essential to choosing appropriate windows and skylights. As illustrated on the following page, three major types of energy flow occur through windows:

(1) non-solar heat losses and gains in the form of conduction, convection, and radiation;
(2) solar heat gains in the form of radiation; and
(3) airflow, both intentional (ventilation) and unintentional (infiltration).

Insulating Value

The non-solar heat flow through a window is a result of the temperature difference between the indoors and outdoors. Windows lose heat to the outside during the heating season and
gain heat from the outside during the cooling season, adding to the energy needs in a home. The effects of nonsolar heat flow are generally greater on heating needs than on cooling
needs because indoor-outdoor temperature differences are greater during the heating season than during the cooling season in most regions of the United States. For any window
product, the greater the temperature difference from inside to out, the greater the rate of heat flow.

A U-factor is a measure of the rate of non-solar heat flow through a window or skylight. (An R-value is a measure of the resistance of a window or skylight to heat flow and is the reciprocal of a U-factor.) Lower U-factors (or higher R values), thus indicate reduced heat flow. U-factors
allow consumers to compare the insulating properties of different windows
and skylights.

The insulating value of a singlepane window is due mainly to the thin films of still air on the interior and moving air on the exterior glazing surfaces. The glazing itself doesnt offer
much resistance to heat flow. Additional panes markedly reduce the U-factor by creating still air spaces, which increase insulating value.

In addition to conventional double-pane windows, many manufacturers offer windows
that incorporate relatively new tech- nologies aimed at decreasing U-factors.
These technologies include low-emittance (low-E) coatings and gas fills. A low-E coating is a microscopically thin, virtually invisible, metal or metallic oxide coating deposited on a glazing surface.

The coating may be applied to one or more of the glazing surfaces facing an
air space in a multiple-pane window, or to a thin plastic film inserted between panes. The coating limits radiative heat flow between panes by reflecting heat back into the home during cold weather and back to the outdoors during warm weather. This effect increases the insulating value of the window. Most window manufacturers now offer windows and skylights
with low-E coatings.

The spaces between windowpanes can be filled with gases that insulate better
than air. Argon, krypton, sulfur hexafluoride, and carbon dioxide are among the gases used for this purpose. Gas fills add only a few dollars to the prices of most windows and skylights. They are most effective when used in conjunction with low-E coatings. For these reasons, some manufacturers have made gas fills standard in their low-E windows and skylights.
The insulating value of an entire window can be very different from that of the glazing alone. The whole-window U-factor includes the effects of the glazing, the frame, and, if present, the insulating glass spacer. (The spacer is the component in a window that separates glazing panes. It often reduces the insulating value at the glazing edges.)
Since a single-pane window with a metal frame has about the same overall Ufactor as a single glass pane alone, frame and glazing edge effects were not of great concern before multiple-pane, low-E, and gas-filled windows and skylights were widely used. With the recent expansion of thermally improved glazing options offered by manufacturers, frame and spacer properties now can have a more pronounced influence on the U-factors of windows and skylights.

As a result, frame and spacer options have also multiplied as manufacturers offer improved designs. Window frames can be made of aluminum, steel, wood, vinyl, fiberglass, or
composites of these materials. Wood, fiberglass, and vinyl frames are better insulators than metal. Some aluminum frames are designed with internal thermal breaks, non-metal components that reduce heat flow through the frame.

These thermally broken aluminum frames can resist heat flow considerably better than aluminum frames without thermal breaks. Composite frames may use two or more materials (e.g. aluminum-clad wood, vinyl-clad wood) to optimize their design and performance, and typically have insulating values intermediate between those of the materials comprising them. Frame geometry, as well as material type, also strongly influences thermal performance properties.

Spacers can be made of aluminum, steel, fiberglass, foam, or combinations of
these materials. Spacer thermal perfor- mance is as much a function of geometry as of composition. For example, some well-designed metal spacers insulate almost as well as foam.

The table on page 3 shows representative U-factors for window glazing, frame, and spacer combinations under winter design conditions. Due to their orientation and their greater projected surface areas, domed and other shaped tilted and horizontal skylights have significantly higher U-factors than do vertical windows of similar materials and opening sizes.

Interior Design Is More Than A Career, It’s An Art Form

Interior design is much more than just a career; it is almost an art form. Interior designers are amongst the most creative, imaginative and artistic people in any industry. However, a good interior designer must be extremely disciplined, organized and skilled in business. Interior designers professionally combine their knowledge with aesthetically pleasing visions to design solutions that are safe, functional, and attractive.

As with any professional career, the practice of interior design can be a very rewarding and fulfilling job as long as hard work and self discipline prevails. Mastering interior design as a career requires time, energy, technical proficiency, vision, and dedication. Like the members of any professional service, an interior designer’s success depends entirely on her ability to satisfy her clients’ needs. Therefore, she must understand both the artistic and technical requirements of a project.

Communication is a must-have skill for professional interior designers, as they will be meeting and dealing with many different kinds of people throughout their careers. They must be able to communicate clearly and effectively, as well as be attentive listeners. Because interior designers often work side by side with other professionals such as architects, contractors, and other service providers, interior designers need to be both good team leaders and good team players. Negotiation and mediation skills are also very important attributes for an interior designer to possess.

Education is the single most important start in becoming an interior designer and involves enrollment in a college or university program followed by several years of professional experience, typically under the direct supervision of a senior interior designer in the industry. It generally takes around six or seven years to become a fully qualified interior designer. Courses of study may include but are not limited to:

-Business management
-Debate and problem resolution
-Art Appreciation
-Frequent lectures and field trips
-Computer Graphic design

Just like many other professional careers, such as lawyers, accountants, and many healthcare professionals, there is an entrance examination that all interior designers must pass. This interior design examination provides a method for identifying interior designers who have met the minimum standards, and it is a more formal way of making certain an individual is qualified in particular knowledge and skills. This examination also protects potential clients by assuring competent professionals. The National Council for Interior Design Qualification (NCIDQ) is the organization that is responsible for administering the examination twice annually throughout the United States and Canada.

The NCIDQ also conducts regularly scheduled research and uses the information gathered to update the examination. Twenty five states require interior designers to obtain licenses and certifications upon successful completion of the NCIDQ examination to protect the health, safety, and wellbeing of the public. In order to be eligible to take the NCIDQ examination, interior designers must have taken interior design education and have actual full-time interior design experience totaling to at least six years, with at least two of those years being postsecondary education.

Categories: Interior Design

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Attention To Detail Is Essential For Keeping A Commercial Kitchen Clean And Safe

Keeping a commercial kitchen or food processing unit safe, clean and functioning efficiently provides a lengthy checklist of items requiring regular attention when managing the safety and efficiency of a commercial kitchen or food processing unit.

Broadly they fall into two categories, attention to food hygiene to ensure there is no contamination and secondly to the health and safety of those working in or visiting the establishment.

Both depend on good working practices, on regular maintenance and on keeping equipment and the kitchen environment completely clean, germ free and safe.

Maintenance covers everything from regular checking of cookers and refrigerators to ensure they are working properly and at the correct temperatures, to keeping any air ducts, filters and extraction systems free of dust and debris build-up, to make sure that they do not harbour any bacteria, are not a fire hazard and also that they are not using more energy than is necessary and adding to operating costs.

Most often ductwork above cookers is the location for the start of kitchen fires and therefore regular inspection and maintenance are generally required by insurers.

There are other potential hazards for people working in commercial kitchens because it is in the nature of the work that it is generally carried out under pressure and because cooking hot food generates quantities of steam, often with oil and food particles dissolved in it.

Steam settling on surfaces will make them slippery and the chief cause of kitchen accidents is slips and trips, sometimes with serious consequences. This makes careful choice of materials for flooring essential as well as prompt repair and maintenance of any damage.

Generally commercial catering establishments have a robust risk assessment, cleaning and health and safety policy to prevent potential accidents but even where these are in place and followed it is inevitable that over time there will be a build-up of dirt in out of the way or hard to reach places.

As part of its regular maintenance and cleaning regime, therefore, regular kitchen deep cleaning may be necessary.

Commercial kitchen cleaning services are well equipped to deliver this thorough type of kitchen cleaning with minimal disruption to the work flow of the kitchen.

Professional cleaning companies have trained staff, specialised equipment and cleaning materials appropriate for use in an environment where food is prepared and their methodology uses a “top down” approach, which will make sure that every surface, corner, nook and cranny of the kitchen receives thorough attention.

How often this type of commercial kitchen cleaning will be needed will be determined partly by the type of food that is cooked and the pattern of work in the kitchen. It may be only be needed once a year, but the cleaning company will provide an assessment so that kitchen managers can schedule what is needed not only to keep the budget under control but also to reduce the risk of costly accidents and ensure a safe, clean working environment.

Copyright (c) 2012 Alison Withers

Energy Efficiency Programs What You Can Apply Now

In light of the current economic conditions that the country is facing right now, several programs have been placed in the priority list that will address some of the most critical issues faced by Americans right now. One such issue is on the use and consumption of electricity, wherein a national program was set into motion to generate interest among consumers in various states to participate in energy efficiency programs starting with their own homes.

Texas has been at the forefront of the nationwide energy efficiency drive with residents given the power to select their energy options in a bid to reduce consumption of Texas electricity. Such programs include rebates from their property taxes that eventually pay for the energy efficiency improvements done in their individual homes. Such improvements can include the installation of solar panels or improving a homes insulation system and optimize use of electricity.

These incentive programs are aimed at reducing the up-front costs that homeowners will incur as they set out and initiate energy efficiency improvements in their homes and improve their use of Texas electricity. Not only that, energy efficiency improvements will enable homeowners to gain considerable savings from their electricity bills as well as a focus on alternative energy resources that will eventually pave the way for the availability of really cheap electricity for all consumers to enjoy.

Legislation
Energy efficiency programs were officially initiated when the 75th Texas Legislature promulgated into law the requirement for meeting specific energy efficiency goals that the electric TDUs or Texas Transmission and Distribution Utilities would have to meet. The procedures required to meet these goals were outlined in the Energy Efficiency Rule provided by the Public Utility Commission of Texas.

The rule specifies that TDUs should offer energy efficiency programs to consumers within their respective electricity distribution territories. Such programs include installation or home improvements designed to increase a homes overall energy efficiency such proper insulation, use of high efficiency lighting fixtures and the installation of solar energy systems among other. These programs are extended not only to residential communities but also to schools, local governments and businesses in order to reduce their operating costs and save Texas electricity.

These home improvements however, will be installed or performed not by the TDUs themselves but will be coursed through third-party providers or what is more commonly called now as project sponsors. These providers include contractors and installers for insulation, lighting, and air conditioning. Project sponsors also include the retail electric providers and other energy efficiency companies.

What the Texas Consumer Can Apply Now

There are various energy efficiency incentive programs initiated by the local distribution utilities in the various towns and cities in Texas, each of whom were mandated to meet energy efficiency goals. These incentive programs come in the form of Standard Offer Programs (SOP), with payments based on the energy efficiency performance achieved. Participation in these SOPs varies depending on the type of program initiated. These programs include:

Residential and Small Commercial Programs these are geared towards providing incentives for energy efficiency improvements that are installed to reduce electricity consumption and peak demand
Commercial Programs Has a specific minimum demand requirement for eligibility and provides incentives for energy efficiency installations and measures that will reduce peak demand and increase Texas electricity savings
Low Income Programs Energy efficiency programs that are targeted towards households having annual incomes that are below or at 200% of the federal poverty guideline.
Load Management Programs These are designed to encourage efficient control of electrical loads such as shifting of electric loads from peak-demand hours to off-peak periods.

Interior Metal Railing, Adding Beauty To Your House

Whether you have a small house or a large mansion spread in acres, we always are planning to improve how it is. So, what can be better than an ornamental metal fencing, they change the look of your house and not only it looks unique it also provides security to your house. You must consider to metal fence your house as it’s a necessity. So, decorative fencing is just the right thing for you. This is better then any other type of fencing like wooden fencing which may even rust, or plastic fencing -that requires actually low maintenance but doesn’t not give you the look and feel of richness like in metal railings.

Not only it is the most appealing one, when it gets installed in your backyard or you cover the whole house, they are very economic and cost effective also as like wooden fencing it will not get rusted or get stained. So it is beneficial to interior metal railing instead of wood or plastic. You do not even need to paint it regularly, It’s just that you can add a protective powder coating, that’s protects it from getting rusted and every year your railing can look brand new. Installing metal fencing serves two purposes at a time ,it not only serves as a strong and durable fencing but also it looks very beautiful and decorative, they are usually made up of aluminium material which is not only known for it’s strength but it’s also known for its versatility. There are also varieties available in aluminium fences like they come in various shapes, but the famous is split spiked top designs as it best stops the intruder as they cannot climb over.

There are limitless designs in metal fencing and you can enhance the look of your house, you may fence your pathways or for more privacy, you can fence a small area .what so ever different ideas you have you can be sure you can do it with decorative fencing. Once you fence it with iron material den you can paint it whatever colour you want. Whether you are installing a fence for only decorative purpose or for protection it will change the look of your house. Ornamental metal fencing will add newness to your house. According to size and material you can choose the best fencing that may suit your house and you must always choose the right type of fencing for your house.

Categories: Home Improvement