How To Select The Right Swimming Pool Heater

Swimming pool heaters are essential if you want to use your pool after the sun has set or if you want to enjoy a longer swimming season. There are many different types and models of pool heaters available to choose from and it’s important to have one that meets all of your needs. While the many available choices and the number of considerations that need to be taken into account may seem overwhelming when purchasing a pool heater, it doesn’t have to be that way. Simply by determining the answers to a few questions before you start shopping, you can greatly narrow down what you’re looking for and make your choice much easier.

Whether you’re in the market for a heater for an above ground swimming pool or an in-ground swimming pool, you will have a number of different types of heaters to choose from. To begin with, different models of pool heaters are powered by different energy sources. For example, swimming pool heaters can be powered by electricity, natural gas, propane or solar energy. The power source that will be right for you will depend upon what is available in your area as well as your preferences with respect to operation, efficiency, cost and environmental impact.

The specifications for swimming pool heaters will typically use BTUs, or British Thermal Units, to express the amount of energy required to raise the temperature of your pool by one degree Fahrenheit. Most models of pool heaters will fall somewhere in the range of 75,000 BTUs to 400,000 BTUs. The higher the BTU rating, the faster the unit will heat the pool water. Therefore, it’s not surprising that higher BTU ratings also come at a higher cost. The speed that you need your heater to warm up your pool at will depend upon your pool usage. For example, if you only want to heat your pool for weekend use, you might want faster results. However, if you are keeping your pool at a constant temperature throughout the swimming season, you might not mind if it takes a few days to raise the temperature of your pool at the beginning of the season.

In addition to considering the amount of energy required by a certain pool heater to raise the water temperature of your pool, it’s also important to consider efficiency. Fortunately, swimming pool heaters are given an efficiency rating so this factor is typically easy to determine. While most electric and gas heating units feature an efficiency rating of 80% to 83%, it’s possible to find models with a rating as high as 95%. Naturally, heaters with a higher efficiency rating require less energy to operate and therefore will also cost you less money to operate.

As a result of modern-day energy costs, electric heaters are generally the most expensive type of pool heater to operate. Propane heaters are next in line while heaters powered by natural gas tend to cost approximately half as much to operate as propane heaters. Solar heaters, on the other hand, are very inexpensive to run and are extremely efficient as they are powered by sunlight. In fact, solar swimming pool heaters involve extremely low or even zero energy costs. While solar pool heaters depend on sunny weather to heat pool water, they are a great option for regions that receive plenty of sunshine.

Another consideration to keep in mind when shopping for a new pool heater is the durability of the models that you’re looking at. Since your heater will be outdoors, it’s important to make sure that the model you choose is designed to withstand harsh weather and UV radiation. Many high quality units will come with weather resistant housing which protects the internal components of the heater and extends the lifespan of the unit significantly.

Some people like the peace of mind that often comes with purchasing products from trusted manufacturers with a long history of providing top-quality, long-lasting products. In the swimming pool equipment industry, there are several manufactures and brands that have been around for many years and that have a reputation for producing durable and high-performing pool heaters. If you’d like to go with a trusted brand name, you can either rely on word-of-mouth from other pool owners or conduct some simple research online to determine which manufacturers have the best reputation.

When considering the purchase of a new pool heater, you will also have to figure out the size of heater that your pool requires. This will depend upon the surface area of your pool and the thermal efficiency that you want. Pool equipment retailers will often provide equations or sizing charts that will allow you to easily determine the size you need. Last but not least, you will need to consider how much you are willing and able to spend so you can determine which swimming pool heaters will fit your budget.

New Maruti Wagon R Vs New Hyundai I10

Outer Specifications & Exteriors:

Maruti has blessed Wagon R with stylish exterior search. The sleek & husky physique is an eye turner. The recently designed chrome grille has blue tinted headlights producing it glance appealing, with body colored bumpers, electric ORVMs with indicators & part door handles. It also gets impressive seem by silver ceiling rails. For the back, tail gate, with impressive back lgts & alloy wheels gives a very classy search. This hatchback has ability for 5 men and women with dimensions as length- 3595 mm, width- 1495 mm (1475 mm in some models), height- 1700 mm (1670mmin some models), 2400 mm as wheel base. It has beneficial ground clearance of 162 mm.

To the other hand Hyundai i10 has great clear headlamps, stretching towards rear. Chrome grille adds to its seems to be. Rear portion in the car or truck can’t be compared with that of Wagon R. the usage of black color, at some locations, makes it look excellent. All round, it features a fresh glance. It has new bumper, triangular fog lamps, ORVMs with flip indicators like other luxury automobiles. It also includes little antenna & reverse parking sensors.

Engine, Performance, Capacity, Mechanical Components:

Maruti Wagon R has put KB10, 998cc, 3-cylinder, aluminum light bodyweight engine in wagon R with 5 Speed Manual Transmission which complies with BS IV emission norms. It really is very fuel environment friendly & delivers mileage of 14.2 km/l in city & 18.9 km/l about the highways (distinct variants give diverse mileage). The fuel tank has capacity of 35-litres for petrol & 60-litres for CNG water. It has a motor displacement of 998cc, 3 cylinder, 4 valve and DOHC technologies. An energy of 68PS@6200rpm & a torque of 90Nm@3200 rpm is produced although CNG fitted motor develops electrical power of 59.3Ps@6200rpm & torque of 77Nm@3500rpm.

Hyundai i10 has 2 distinct engines & so the mileage can also be various. Its 2 variants (D-lite & Era) have 1.1L, 1086cc, IRDE petrol engine, supplying higher performance & efficiency. Its mileage ranges from 14km/l to 19.8kmpl. One other variant have 1.2L, 1197 Kappa petrol engine with 5 pace manual transmission. The mileage in such a circumstance ranges from 15.4km/l to 19.2kmpl. A number of its variants even have automated transmission gearbox, while using exact same motor, delivering mileage 15.4km/l to 20.3kmpl. 1.1 IRDE2, 4 cylinder, SOHC engine delivers electrical power of 69Ps@5500rpm with torque of 10.1kgm@4500rpm, while 1.2 Kappa2, 4 cylinder, DOHC engine is capable of making ability of 80Ps@6000rpm & torque of 11.4kgm@4000rpm.

Interiors & Features:

With excellent interiors Maruti Wagon R can effortlessly entice car or truck lovers. Its very best thing is its room. Its instrument panel, inside door handles, upholstery, roof lining with floor flooring adds to its impressive inside look. The seats & gear knobs offer an incredibly snug driving knowledge. Other characteristics are sun visor with vanity mirror, adjustable front & rear seat mind rests, cabin lamps, air conditioner & anti glare. It also has adjustable energy steering, promising comfy driving while using ability window on all seats. The seats might be folded to some extent, to create some house, when essential. As a lot as house is involved, it offers seat tray underneath entrance passenger seat, storage space at drivers side& front passenger seat again pocket.

In Hyundai i10, the best is the place of gear lever, on the centre console. The 3 spoke steering wheel has audio management on it & other people capabilities like blue-tooth push button, USB port, digital fuel mete, MP3/CD player, AC. The seats are positioned in this kind of a manner that ample room is there for storage & cup holders. Equipped with warning lgts for various features like seatbelt, oil stages, battery, strength steering and many others are there to indicate when there exists one thing fishy, digital ORVMs. It also has adjustable driver seat.

Safety:

Maruti Wagon R is regarded for its security due to its braking system (entrance-ventilated disc, rear-drum), ABS, dual airbags, driver seatbelt warning lamp, rear wipers, washer & de-fogger, youngster security lcks.

Hyundai i10 has suspension customized for Indian roads. The blend of disc/drum brakes brings the car or truck from 100km/h to 0 in only 4.1 seconds. Even moving at excessive speeds the car will not experience the vibration, loss of electrical power. It has front disc brakes & rear dumb brakes with ABS. The other safety attributes are Dual front airbags, seat Belts with warning lamp, door open warning lamp, fog lamps, tubeless Tyres, engine Immobilizer, baby locks with central locking.

How To Determine Solar Panel Price

On turning the pages of history of mankind through ages, there is no dearth of instances wherein man has tried his ingenuity to harness the ever present solar energy to his advantage. While most of the experiments ended with a magnifying glass being used to light torches, the first device which successfully concentrated the suns rays was a solar energy cooker designed for an African safari. The credit of this invention was bestowed on a Swiss scientist, Horace de Saussure, and it was this discovery which laid the basis for the creation of the first modern solar panel in 1954. Being a novelty in that era, this device was exorbitantly priced but dedicated research through the years has resulted in the solar panel price in India to spiral downwards with the intention of making it affordable by all and sundry.

One of the main determinants of solar panel price in India as well as the world over is the type of panel which is chosen by the user after having gauged his requirements. In spite of the availability of myriad options, solar panels exist in two avatars namely flat plate collectors and evacuated heat tubes. While a normal flat plate collector is economically priced, when it is fortified with evacuated pipes, its price simply shoots through the roof. This is owing to the fact that these pipes are highly priced and on being installed greatly enhance the efficiency of the panel as well.

Yet another factor which makes a difference in the solar panel price is the size of the panel as also the scope of its usage. If the solar power requirement is limited to a single room with a window, a panel worth a few hundred dollars would suffice but on the other hand if the entire house depends on solar energy for its requirements then the cost is likely to run into thousands of dollars. An important recommendation in this regard is that any household should not depend solely on solar power and must have a back-up system to account for cloudy days and extra requirements.

Having decided to invest in a solar panel system, the next course of action entails conducting a thorough research on each of the options and then conducting a comparison of the solar panel price. The cost is assessed on dollar/watt ratio and an efficient panel is identified accordingly but adjudging if its ratio is close to the average estimated costing. Normally the trend which has been observed in this regard has been that brand new panels boast of a higher ratio and hence cost a fortune while those equipped with primitive technology provide the user with a lower ratio and thus are affordably priced.

At the lowest rung of the list of solar panel price in India is the option of scrap solar cells. During the manufacturing process some solar cells are broken down and are sold by manufacturers as individual units for a very low price. Scrap solar cells can also be purchased online through a reliable retailers website and then these need to be soldered together to form a single big unit. In this way the user can save considerably on the cost aspect provided he is an expert at soldering and has enough space to accommodate a large panel of many scrap solar cells welded together.

Know Why The European Energy Efficiency Rules Are Worthy

When it pertains to initiatives on climate change and control of emissions, the European Union is one of the most proactive governmental blocks as they go on with setting standards for energy efficiency. Recently, the EU issued new rules that will help ensure energy efficiency by requiring all industrial, commercial, and household machines and appliances to have labels displayed. As part of the major roster change, this is to ensure that energy efficiency will be a top priority to help commercial agenda move forward.

The rules on energy efficiency issued by the European Parliament insist that all building that are new and constructed after 2020 should have to be powered by renewable energy sources. Buildings account for a significant proportion of greenhouse gases emitted and it has long been recognized that stringent action should be taken to apply energy efficiency rules for new building stock.

The EU has been one of the most proactive governmental blocks pertaining to the war against climate change and in controlling emissions, continuously setting high standards of energy efficiency. They have recently issued new energy efficiency rules that expand the need to display labels on industrial, commercial and household appliances and machines. This is part of a sweeping roster change, aimed at ensuring that energy efficiency is at the top of the commercial agenda going forward.

Since buildings have a lifespan of approximately 50 years, the environmental impact should not be underestimated. Renovation and retrofitting can only go so far and new emphasis is being placed on sustainable efforts during the process of construction, as well as during the design phase. The European Union’s energy efficiency rules dictate that all buildings made after 2020 will conform to this philosophy.

The European Parliament is convinced that education is paramount when it comes to achieving high energy efficiency standards and as such, labels must now be attached to energy consuming products for industrial or commercial use across the Union. Windows and framework must also be appropriately labeled, so that users can see how much energy they are responsible for and can choose wisely, in advance.

If consumers, individuals or corporations are in possession of all the right information, they can choose to include appliances that work well according to their sustainability objectives. Each appliance or asset must perform with ultimate energy efficiency in the “carbon era” of tomorrow, or the user will be responsible for additional fees in one way or another.

The concept of carbon taxation or “cap and trade” restrictions is not new in the European Union, as their Energy Efficiency Scheme has been in place since 2005. Such concepts are beginning to become clear in the United States, where the corresponding legislation is already being considered, which will most probably include a cap and trade and taxation options.

In order to provide detailed information pertaining to energy use and carbon emissions, procedures and systems need to be implemented at the boardroom level for each organization. Quite apart from greenhouse gas reduction, energy efficiency drives savings, which every organization should be focusing on these days.

Around the world, governments tend to agree that we must aim for as much as an 80% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions as based on 1990 levels, by the time we get to 2050. If not, considerable and detrimental change could be caused to climate and weather patterns. This level of change will, nevertheless, call for consistent and urgent action and implementation of new energy efficiency rules, everywhere.

How Do Goodyear Fuel Max Tires Work

How do GoodYear Fuel Max Tires work? This is a pretty common question these days with the commercials GoodYear is running advertising greater fuel efficiency without compromise. Well the basic premise behind them is that reducing the amount of friction created between tire and road when the car is rolling reduces the amount of energy needed to overcome that friction. Less friction, less energy, less gas. People have been building tires designed for fuel economy for quite some time by mixing silica into the tread compound which serves to reduce the friction between tire and road. These Silica based tires do dramatically reduced rolling resistance, which leads to better fuel economy, but they suffer from decreased tread life as compared to traditional carbon black tires. This means that fuel economy tires made with a high amount of silica in them will wear out more quickly than traditional tires. Like these other fuel efficiency tires, the Good Year Fuel Max tires use silica filler, but this is where the similarities end.

In GoodYear Fuel Max tires the silica is blended into a different compound then what is used in normal fuel efficiency tires. Good Year specially engineered this new tire compound to interact with the Silica in such a way as to increase overall tread strength. Good Year does not make it clear exactly how this is achieved, not wanting the competition to copy their ideas, but they do hint that it has something to do with improving the overall dispersion of the silica in the tread of the Fuel Max tires. This compound maintains the reductions in rolling resistance typically achieved with silica filler but avoids the downside of shortened tread life. This allows the Fuel Max tires to have equal tread life to traditional carbon black tires while still increasing your fuel economy, thus the advertisements for better fuel economy without a sacrifice.

In addition to the material characteristics of the tires, the Good Year Fuel Max tires also use a dual tread zone design to improve tread wear. This design allows for the deep grooves and micro-grooves that give good wet-weather traction to be placed in the center of the tires where they are not subject to the harsh treatment the edges of the tires receive during cornering. The edges of the tires, meanwhile, are designed for dry traction and performance with stronger shoulders that stand up to wear and tear. The special material in the Good Year Fuel Max tires and the wear resistant design make them a great way to increase fuel efficiency without sacrificing comfort or tread life. Also, recent studies have found that the fuel savings seen over the life of a set of GoodYear Fuel Max tires off sets the Co2 produced from the manufacture of the tires, making them the most environmentally friendly tire on the road.

Insulated Vinyl Siding For Increased Energy Efficiency

Vinyl siding is the choice of many homeowners and builders due to its durability, long life, and ease of installation. Unlike painted siding, it does not require repainting every four to five years, making it an essentially maintenance-free and economical choice over a long term. Simple cleaning or power washing on a yearly basis is all that is needed to keep this siding looking like new for many years.

Vinyl siding has improved greatly from its beginnings, resisting fading and warping like the earlier products were known to do. It is also now available in a vast range of colors and patterns, including wood, stone, and metal faux veneers that appear identical to these real materials from even short distances when expertly installed. For those who love the look of stone or cedar but not the expensive price tags, vinyl siding can offer the ideal solution.

One of the drawbacks of standard vinyl siding is that it doesn’t offer additional insulation. This issue has been addressed with the introduction of insulated siding that is now available from a number of manufacturers. It offers all of the advantages of other vinyl siding, plus many more.

Insulated vinyl siding can significantly reduce energy costs by increasing the home’s energy efficiency by four to five times over that of traditional vinyl. These savings can effectively pay for the siding in just a few years making insulated vinyl an even more economical siding choice.

The appearance and feel of insulated vinyl is more like wood siding due to increased firmness and stiffness. Traditional vinyl is flexible, following a structure’s bends and bumps that are ultimately highlighted by the material rather than masked. Insulated vinyl is inflexible, offering a smooth appearance like that of wood siding. It also offers greater protection from impact damage such as hail, storm debris, and accidental impacts from golf balls or baseballs that can so easily happen with busy, active families.

The thermal insulation that improves a home’s energy efficiency also has significant acoustical advantages, reducing the levels of noise from the outside. This results in an interior that is much more quiet and comfortable, especially for homes located near busy streets or intersections.

Of all the siding options available, it is little wonder that vinyl siding is the most popular for its beauty, durability, and maintenance-free advantages. Though it costs more up front than traditional vinyl, insulated vinyl offers even greater advantages with the significant money savings in energy costs. When considering siding choices, put insulated vinyl at the top of the list for economy and quality.

The Benefits Of Stress Management

The Effects of Stress: to be able to manage your Stress is a crucial step for you to take once you have established you are facing stressful conditions in your life, regardless of the source. Though there are useful types of stress that allows you to cater for this additional burst of energy and turn it into something positive and creative, it is not advocated for your body. Long term stress can produce undesirable effects on your health.

Besides, stress can diminish your capacity to operate to the best of your ability, either at school or in the workplace, or life in general. So you can see stress isn’t something to be put out of your mind.

Identifying Your Stress Level:

When it comes to stress management, identifying the cause of stress is sometimes not good enough. For people who are frequently stressed out, keeping a stress journal is highly advised so that you can monitor the various levels of stress that you are feeling and what effects it’s creating in your body and mind. This is great way for you to carefully study your levels of stress, what sets it off, and for you to know exactly what you can do to liberate yourself from it.

Beginning Stress Management:

Now that you know the effects of stress, beginning a stress management technique is essential. Managing your stress aids you to re-claim command over your life, instead of being exhausted by the quantity of stress you have to deal with. Here’s how you can manage your stress:

Establish what is causing the stress in your life
Then think of ways to decrease that stress.
Devise your stress management technique for alleviating stress.

Some Steps to Take for Stress Management:

Remember that you cannot expect to completely get rid of your stress all at once. It is a course in which your initial objective would be to decrease the volume of stress in your life until you are finally rid of it. The following concepts will help you create a stress management technique that may work for you:

Develop your time management skills. A lot of your stress in life is the outcome of your failure to squash in your plans in the time available to you. So, producing a schedule will let you accomplish more in less time. When forming your schedule, put all the most significant things at the top of your list.

Look at carefully at the way you respond with stress. This necessitates your honesty to decide whether your own coping procedures are effectual or not. If not, then look for other ways.

Look after your body. This is often the most ignored part of stress management. Get enough rest and eat a good diet. Your health is the most important issue in stress management.

Change the way you think. Oftentimes, stress is created by your mind. So, if that is the situation with you, then taking on a new perspective on things might decrease your stress levels. Think in a more positive way!

Benefits of Stress Management:

Here are some of the advantages that can be gained with practicing a well-organized stress management technique.

1. It increases your general health.
2. You are able to adopt a more positive approach to life.
3. It boosts your efficiency since you are able to concentrate a lot better on your tasks.
4. You have a lot better command over your emotions and how you act in response to them.

Good Luck!

How To Switch Suppliers Without Triggering An Exit Fee

UK residents have many choices when it comes to energy suppliers, but that doesnt mean that switching is always easy. Even when a new deal crops up that is better than another, a customer has to worry about exit fees. These can include fees also called cancellation and termination fees. These fees are assessed whenever a buyer tries to opt out of a previous energy contract before the actual period of service is over. They can range from as little as 5 to up to 50 per fuel type. Due to the simplification of the UK tariff structure, you may find yourself suddenly signed up to a more expensive tariff once your old tariff is no longer available. This automatic enrolment can also oblige you to pay an exit fee if you want to switch after the period for enrolment is over. Its the wise consumer that keeps an eye out for fees and asks about them before switching, even when the switch was not of their own doing.

Fixed rate plans

Fixed rate agreements usually carry early termination fees, and they tend to be more expensive than other plans. This can make it difficult to switch from one type of plan to another, as the fee will offset any savings in cost. Even if you have a change of heart in the middle of the winter season, you might find youre stuck with your deal, unless the utility will allow you to switch without a fee. If you have a fixed tariff, you will need to see what types of fees are associated with terminating the account before you actually decide to make that decision. You may find that you can still switch, even if it costs you, or that the company will waive the fee as long as you remain with them and not some other utility. The costs to terminate a fixed rate plan also depend on how far along you are in it.

Sometimes, you get lucky

If your energy supplier has to change the tariff rate, they must give you 30 days to decide whether you want to keep the tariff or not. If you choose not to keep it during this time, no termination fees apply. The reason for this is that the company has changed the terms of the contract making the previous contract null and void. Thus, the termination fees associated with the contract also do not apply. However, this is a special case and isnt bound to happen much. It might happen with a fixed rate if the supplier thinks theyre going to lose money by selling you their gas at a lesser price than the market can withstand. However, most fixed tariffs have excess leeway built into the price structure, so this might not ever happen to any of your tariffs. Instead, you might have to wait for the contract to be officially over.

Another option for switching

If you simply wait for the contract period to be over, you will also be given 30 days to make a switch without termination fees. Of course, by that time the heating season will be over and you probably wont know what next winter will be like either. The time period is limited and if you miss notifying your supplier of how you want to switch, you can lose the opportunity to do so without incurring an exit fee. Keep an eye on your contract terms to determine when you can switch without penalty.

When your previous tariff is dropped

You will also get the opportunity to switch when your previous tariff is dropped and becomes unavailable. Companies that are simplifying their fee structures will send out a letter advising you that you need to change your tariff or they will do it for you. Some will put you on their standard plan and others will pick a more expensive plan. Whatever it happens to be, it will also come with termination fees. If you want to be in control of switching, you have got to abide by the time limit set for making those choices. Otherwise, once the other tariff is in place (whether you agreed to it or not), you wont be able to make another switch without triggering exit fees.

Why Use Infrared Tube Heaters to Heat Your Shop or Barn

A common problem with heating most shops, barns or similar buildings is that many are poorly insulated and/or have a very high air turnover ratio due to high ceilings, large overhead doors and generally drafty conditions. The solution? gas infrared tube heaters.

Why infrared? What is infrared?

Infrared is just another term for radiant. Think of a stove, fireplace, oven or even our own sun. These sources all emit infrared (radiant) heat energy at the speed of light in a straight line. Upon striking objects (floors, people, machinery, animals, etc.) that energy converts to heat and warms the surrounding air. Think of the sun. The sun does not heat the air, the sun heats the earths surface and earths surface heats the air.

In a shop, barn or other wide-open interior space, infrared heaters are designed to produce safe, comfortable radiant heat to floors and objects in order to heat the surrounding air. Generally, infrared heaters are directed downward from the ceiling toward a target area below. For instance, in a horse barn infrared heaters can be directed toward a wash and grooming area or down a common walkway, between horse stalls or even in riding arenas. In an auto repair shop, heaters can be located over or near workbenches or between overhead doors.

What kind of infrared heaters are best suited for shop and barn environments?

We recommend gas infrared tube heaters. Youll find a lot of information on the internet to help you learn what infrared can do for you. To find the best brands, type into your browser “best tube heaters” or “superior tube heaters”. This should take you to a number of manufacturers sites where you can read about the products they offer and learn why gas infrared tube heaters are usually the best for heating farm buildings, shops, manufacturing facilities, aircraft hangars and other large open structures.

Why infrared tube heaters?

A few good reasons:
1. Infrared tube heaters emit soft, comfortable radiant heat energy without moving any air with no drafts. No blowing air can help prevent respiratory illnesses in both humans and animals.
2. General creature comfort is improved. Infrared heats the ground. Warm floors means warm bodies and feet.
3. Infrared, like light, can be directed at a target. For barns, this can mean the horse wash area, dry off areas, stalls, aisle ways, or wherever the need for heat is greatest. For shops, this can mean work areas and assembly lines.
4. Energy savings and efficiency. Infrared heaters can be strategically mounted to throw radiant energy where it is needed, rather than to empty spaces. This tactical approach to heating space can save a boatload of money in operational costs versus forced-air heating methods.
5. Infrared tube heaters are completely self contained. By drawing outside air into the burner at one end and venting products of combustion out the opposite end to the outside, the flame inside the heater is completely isolated from dusty and contaminated indoor air. This prolongs life of the heater.
6. Infrared feels natural. Just like standing in the sunshine, the soft heat energy creates a healthier and happier environment for people and animals.

What exactly is a tube heater?

A tube heater consists of a burner box, which includes control components much a gas valve, circuit board, safety switch, etc.) Extending horizontally from the burner is a long 4″ diameter 16 gauge steel tube, anywhere from 10 to 70 feet in length. Positioned above is an aluminum parabolic reflector running over the length of the tube. When the burner comes on, a long flame shoots down the tube until it gets hot. The reflector ensures that heat energy that bounces out from the top portions of the tubing gets reflected downward to the floor area. The goal is to get all of that energy focussed downward.

A simple web search of infrared tube heaters will give you a good overview of the different tube heater brands and what they offer. Hint: not all brands are the same. For instance, one manufacturer has a 99.9% efficient reflector configuration the best in the industry. Others range anywhere from 65% efficient (effective) to 95%. A superior reflector design can mean better heating efficiency and lower operating costs.

If youre searching for a tube heating system, do a thorough online search first. Not all are alike. Some are simply better than others. As stated above, Google “superior tube heaters” or “best tube heaters”. Look for the best warranty, best construction quality, best reflective efficiency, and best serviceability among all brands. Then, buy only from a company with a solid reputation in the infrared industry, a company capable of giving you the type of support that will merit your business. You should get a good price, of course, but make sure that whoever you buy from will be on hand to fulfill, guarantee and offer support to you down the road. We dont recommend buying from large catalogue houses that sell thousands of unrelated items. They tend to be “order takers” only and youll find it nearly impossible to get design/application assistance or future service.

How Much Iron Do We Need At What Levels Does Iron Become Toxic

Recommended Daily Allowance
There is no one single daily recommended allowance of iron for everyone at all stages of their lives. Because of this fact, many consumers may think that they should take the same amount of iron that they have always taken or take the same amount as a friend or relative. This may not be enough to suit their particular nutritional needs or it may be too much. Fortunately, there are many sources of dietary iron and no withdrawal symptoms to if a patient discovers that he or she is consuming too much iron.

America’s Food and Drug Administration (FDA) publishes a chart breaking down the differences in the daily recommended dosage of iron:

*Males over 19: 8 milligrams
*Male vegetarians: 14 mg
*Females 19 – 50: 18 mg
*Female vegetarians: 32 mg
*Females over 50: 8 mg
*Pregnant women: 27 mg
*Nursing women: 10 mg
*Newborns to 6 months: 0.27 mg
*Babies 7 12 months: 11 mg
*Children 1 – 3 years: 7 mg
*Children 4 8: 10 mg
*Children 9 13: 8 mg
*Children 14 19: 10 mg

This is only a rough guideline. Patients with particular illnesses, women with exceptionally heavy periods, individuals with vitamin C deficiencies or individuals who habitually consume beverages like tea that interfere with the body’s absorption may require a doctor to determine their daily levels. Some trial and error may be needed.

Why Bother with Iron?
Iron performs several functions in the body. Most importantly, it helps blood transport oxygen throughout the body. This is why it can be found in just about every cell of the human body. Oxygen and other chemicals help the cell absorb glucose (blood sugar), the cell’s fuel. Iron is also thought to play a significant role in the human immune system and in brain function. Although very few individuals can attract a magnet, all healthy individuals have minute portions of iron in their cells.

Patients with iron anemia (also called iron poor blood) feel exhausted all the time, despite how much sleep and exercise they obtain. Their skin is often pale or more pale than usual. They may feel as if a weight is on their lungs and complain of being faint or short of breath. Without the proper amounts of oxygen traveling through the bloodstream, the body does not have sufficient energy to work at maximum efficiency. Life for the iron anemic is dreary and overwhelming because of the fatigue. It takes a tremendous effort to even accomplish simple tasks.

Symptoms of iron anemia are very similar to those of other chronic conditions such as clinical depression and thyroid problems. Taking extra dietary iron will not help these conditions and will unnecessarily prolong the patient’s suffering. This is why it is important for anyone with these symptoms to go to a doctor for a blood test to obtain a proper diagnosis. Without a proper diagnosis, there cannot be proper treatment.

What is Dietary Iron?
Dietary iron is comprised of proteins and comes in two types called heme (found in hemoglobin in the blood) and non-heme (found in myoglobin, found in muscles and bones.) Dietary iron is marketed under the name ferrous sulfate, which is easily available in multivitamin supplements or iron sulfate supplements. But it is also abundant in multiple food sources. Vitamin C has been shown to help the body absorb iron more efficiently, thus eating foods rich in vitamin C or taking vitamin C supplements is highly recommended.

A common misconception is that meat is the superior source of iron from food. Larger quantities of iron can be found in similar size portions of porridge, oats and vitamin-fortified breakfast cereals. Iron may also be found in many vegetables, milk, eggs, beans, nuts, whole grains and some starchy foods such as grits. Many meal replacement powders, liquids and bars contain iron. Some beverages such as tap water may also contain ferrous sulfate.

Avoiding Iron Overdose
The human body is not an efficient absorber of iron. On average, the body only absorbs 10% of the iron it consumes. But iron overload is possible and can bring debilitating symptoms. Clifford S. Spanierman, MD of Lutheran General Hospital and a specialist in pediatrics and emergency medicine, estimates iron toxicity to be a major factor in the deaths of children under six years old. Dr. Spanierman speculates that children may take iron supplements in the mistaken belief that they are sweets.

Symptoms of iron overdose are dramatic, often including copious amounts of diarrhea and vomiting. Dr. Spanierman reports that if a patient can stay conscious and get to a hospital, the patient has an excellent chance of surviving. But if the patient becomes unconscious, the chances of recovery are very slim. In extreme cases, blood transfusions are needed in order to quickly clean the excess iron from the body. Dr. Spanierman added that women over 65 were also prone to iron overdose because they were not aware that their iron needs drop significantly after the completion of menopause.

A good general rule to avoid iron overdose is to avoid taking an iron supplement if not instructed to by a physician. Because of the dangers of iron overdose, it is never a good idea to self-diagnose one’s health problems.

Conclusion
Individuals can suffer if they do not have enough iron or die if they consume too much. Iron is easily available in the modern diet through natural foods, nutritional supplements and iron-fortified foods. Never guess as to the amount of iron to consume. Consult a physician with any questions.