Was the Great Pyramid of Giza a Water Pump

The Great Pyramid’s upper chamber was intended to be used to burn wood, and was in some ways a sort of ancient gas furnace. The Great Pyramid was not simply a shrine or temple, as many suggest. If you have been to Europe and seen the monstrous churches and cathedrals, you know that cultures will fritter time and resources building huge religious structures.

Temples are difficult to mistake for something else. Its many unique design components make the Great Pyramid impossible to mistake for a temple or house of worship.

The shafts are one example. Two point eight million stones were required to build the Great Pyramid, each weighing two tons. They are all aligned with such precision that there is not even an inch of drift. The Great Pyramid was 38 stories high with its capstone. Truly try to imagine primitive workers quarrying and placing two point eight million stones to such heights with such exacting specifications.

Now add a shaft. A shaft which must begin on the outside of the pyramid, and penetrate to the center of the pyramid. Hundreds of blocks must now hove grooves carved in them which line up with precision of less than a thousandth of an inch. Would such a feature really have been included if the structure was merely for homage to some primitive God?

Of course not.

Other features besides the shafts include the King and Queen’s Chambers, Grand Gallery, and grotto. It is hard to interpret these as having a purpose related to worship. Rather, they seem to have some mechanical purpose. Which would make sense if the Great Pyramid were a machine designed to serve some mechanical purpose.

What is that purpose?

Egypt’s prosperity depended upon the Nile, and the fertile farmland it created when it flooded surrounding plains each year. Egypt was the bread basket of the ancient world, its Nile flood plains were the ancient world’s equivalent of America’s great plains.

It has been suggested that the Great Pyramid was actually a two phase pump which raised water to a height of almost 30 stories via the shafts. Aqueducts would have then caught water, and their gradual downward slope would have transported away from the pyramid to the surrounding plains without need for further pumps. The Great Pyramid thus would have been an agricultural watering device that made the flood plains larger than normal.

This pump theory is not perfect, but the Great Pyramid’s internal design is clearly a piece of mechanical engineering meant to create some sort of machine, not a mere tomb or temple. The purpose and design of that machine will have to be figured out if we are ever to truly understand the enigmatic Great Pyramid.

Wood would have been ignited in the upper chamber, which would have consumed all the air and created a reduced or low pressure area that would have drawn water upward in accordance with Bernoulli’s principle. This chamber did not heat like gas furnaces in our homes today, but it was an isolated an enclosed chamber which had many design features of the gas furnaces in our homes. The King’s chamber and Queen’s chamber were two separate phases of a two phase pump which was the Great Pyramid.

All about Your Gas Equipments and Requirements

Most countries use LPG or liquefied petroleum gas for cooking. It is also used for heating or as fuel and even for refrigeration along with cooking. Most of us are aware of and require gas for cooking purposes. Gas is also used for outdoor cooking by many who have a patio or a backyard. People who go for camping also use gas for their various requirements of cooking and generating heat. With so much importance being attached to this form of fuel, it is very important that all the various requirements and equipments needed for it be available to us at all times; and if these are available online, then that is the best case scenario.

Outdoor requirements

Outdoor cooking can be undertaken by people who have a backyard or a patio. Otherwise, people who do not have a definite kitchen area, such as backpackers and campers also resort to outdoor cooking. Using special outdoor gas stoves, cooking, roasting or direct heating is undertaken in the outdoors. Many people also install outdoor fireplaces that help them keep warm even outdoors, during winter. A firebox or a chimney is all they need for these purposes. Some people even go for more permanent set ups that are made of brick enclosures and are more elaborate. Camping requirements

Outdoor gas stoves also come handy when camping or going backpacking. For the purpose of camping, portable gas stoves are needed. These portable stoves or camping gas stoves are lightweight and can be carried with you anywhere you wish. Available in various sizes and shapes, they are designed for outdoor use. They work just as well as your kitchen stoves. For the camping stoves that used LPG as fuel, there are canisters available to be refilled as needed and they also have storage and stowage covers available for easier and better transportation. Boiling rings and burners

Gas burners and gas stoves are different from each other in that burners are primarily used where heat needs to be directed in one particular place, say for example in soldering; while a gas stove is primarily used for cooking and hence heating up the vessel containing food to be cooked that is kept on top of it. Gas boiling rings are something totally different from both the stoves and the burners. Particularly used in commercial or outdoor cooking, boiling rings has parts and functions similar to that of the gas stove. It consists of regulators and an LPG hose and can use LPG, butane or propane as fuel.

How To Choose Granite For Kitchen Countertops

Of all the natural stones out there, none has made a mark quite like granite. Abundant, extremely hard and very durable, it’s the top pick for many residential and commercial kitchens.

Just what is it about this material that makes it a favorite? Is it the range of colors and patterns? The fact that it’s impervious to heat? Or is it because it boasts elegance unmatched by any stone? Whatever the reason, it’s safe to say that unless installation is shoddy, it can last for decades without looking overly worn out. Truly money well spent.

Like most natural stones, granite does require a bit of maintenance. Even ceramic tile does for that matter. What distinguishes it is that stains and spillage don’t cause structural damage because it’s incredibly dense. Choosing a darker colored stone that’s moderately to heavily speckled will mask signs of spillage.

Choose quality over low cost

The best way to get the most out of granite is to invest in higher-end stones. They last much longer and look the best. Poor quality stones are fairly easily recognizable with pitted surfaces, low density and a tendency to chip and crack during installation. Hairline cracks and inconsistent coloring will also be present.

Types of granite

There are four main types of granite with a couple being particularly suited for both indoor and outdoor use:

Biotite granite, the hardest, is the best type because the stone’s color and durability are not affected by weather conditions. It comes in a wide variety of colors and patterns, is readily available, and most installers have extensive experience working with it.

Hornblende granite is another good choice because it weathers well. It’s immediately distinguishable by its dark hue, perfect for counters that are frequently used or if you want to create a stark contrast.

Tourmaline granite is very soft which means it’s unsuitable for countertops or areas that see heavy use. Use it only for decorative purposes such as accents. If you can afford to, choose white tourmaline granite which is rare but beautiful to behold.

Talcose granite is slightly harder than tourmaline granite but is better left for decorative purposes.

Since the patterns, colors and textures of granite are varied, it’s vital that you know which suits your kitchen. Dark-colored stones are ideal for moderate to large kitchens especially when contrast is created. Light-colored shades like white or pale grey -enlarge’ small kitchens. If you must use dark stones, have them as accents against white backdrops.

Cabinetry, wall color and kitchen style also influence how well granite can add to overall look. Unlike concrete which is typically plain or marble which has very fine veins, granite patterns are more noticeable so busy kitchens with a lot of hardware or dcor can look cluttered. The safest route to take is a countertop that matches the color of the floor or the walls so that cabinetry and hardware are contrasted. Or, let the countertop be the only focal point against a very light-colored kitchen.

Granite dealers are everywhere but reputed sellers make sure they sell only good quality stones. Know that the choice of countertop will influence your house’s resale value so think long and hard before picking any one stone.

Granite marble offers the perfect mix of aesthetic, multipurpose functionality coupled with a variety of designs with top most quality to suit all your makeover needs.

How To Prevent Spider Infestation In Your Home

Spiders live in residential homes; its just a fact of life. A few spiders crawling around your house is actually beneficial as they eat other pests, such as centipedes and beetles. Therefore, its generally better not to kill every spider you find crawling around your home. However, if you notice an increased amount of spiders crawling around your home, it could mean that you have an infestation.

The first step is not to panic. The second step is to pay close attention for a few days in a row as to where and when you notice the spiders. Some locations are more prone to spiders, and desert states like California and Arizona are known for more dangerous spiders that can make their way into a home. This article addresses what to do in the case when you suspect a common household spider infestation.

Understanding Spiders
Spiders favor entering homes because a typical home provides the exact environment they thrive in warm, dark spaces. Spiders hide in dark, dry locations. Some spiders also favor damp areas, such as under a sink or in a damp basement. Spiders also favor rotting materials; its a prime location for laying eggs. Make an effort to keep your home free from rotting material such as damp or wet wood.

Tips for Preventing Spider Infestation

Clutter
Spiders are attracted to clutter. Keeping you home as clutter-free as possible will decrease the amount of spiders in your home. For example, do your best to keep piles of clothes off the floor. Dangerous brown recluse spiders favor hiding in piles of clothes.

Dust
Keep your home as dust-free as possible, especially in corners and ceiling where spiders often create webs. To make dusting easier, use a duster with an extended arm to help you dust the hard-to-reach places. Also dust under furniture and beds. Use a wet rag, at least every other week to remove thicker layers of dust.

Cardboard Boxes
Spiders love to live in cardboard boxes. Replace your cardboard boxes with plastic storage bins.

Windows
Repair windows and screens as to prevent spiders from easily entering your home. Cracks and holes in windows, doors and around the house on the inside and on the exterior should be fixed and sealed.

Cats
Cats are known for eating spiders. At the very least, the cat will do a go job at chasing them away.

Natural Remedies
Place peppermint or spearmint leaves in window sills; spiders dont like the send and it will ward them off.
Spray a mixture of tea tree oil and water onto vents and window sills. Spiders dont like this scent either and will turn away.

Floor Care

Tips on how to take care of your floors to keep them looking newer longer.

Carpet Care

Let’s start by saying that the most important thing you can do to prolong the life of your new carpet or rug is to vacuum it. Regular vacuuming removes those nasty dirt particles that leave it looking dingy over time and abrade the fiber, which shortens its lifespan. Use a vacuum that has a rotating brush or beater bar, which stimulates the carpet tufts and loosens the dirt and soil. (Plus, schedule regular professional cleanings to remove soil accumulation that your regular vacuum can’t reach.) If your area rug has a fringe, make sure it’s sewn on well, and use the vacuum carefully.

If you have a thick carpet and want to remove any tracks the vacuum makes (it’s called shading), you might try vacuuming in one direction, and then smoothing the carpet surface by hand.

You can help to reduce wear in your carpet by occasionally alternating your furniture placement to change the “traffic lanes” and allow the carpet to wear more uniformly. Be sure to vacuum these specific areas more often to reduce dirt particles, which can lead to matting too.

Vinyl Flooring Care

Caring for a vinyl floor is fairly easy, but there are some general rules.

Vacuum regularly to remove grit and sand, and wash your floor occasionally with the manufacturer’s recommended floor cleaner. (Never use abrasive cleaners, soaps, paste waxes or solvents, though.) Also, to keep sand and grit from being tracked onto the floor, non-staining walk-off mats should be placed at every outside entry to the room.

Dull-looking vinyl floors can be restored to their original gloss with the manufacturer’s recommended floor polish – but first, try cleaning to make sure a film on the floor isn’t causing the dullness. With inexpensive PVC floors, you should consider using 2-3 coats of polish – any vinyl floor with a PVC wearlayer (that’s a fancy name for surface) shows scuffs, scratches, and other marks very easily and by adding those coats of polish you’ll make the floor easier to maintain.

When moving heavy objects across a vinyl floor, place plywood sheets down first and move the object over them.

Area Rug Care

Let’s start by saying that the most important thing you can do to prolong the life of your new carpet or rug is to vacuum it. Regular vacuuming removes those nasty dirt particles that leave it looking dingy over time and abrade the fiber, which shortens its lifespan. Use a vacuum that has a rotating brush or beater bar, which stimulates the carpet tufts and loosens the dirt and soil. (Plus, schedule regular professional cleanings to remove soil accumulation that your regular vacuum can’t reach.) If your area rug has a fringe, make sure it’s sewn on well, and use the vacuum carefully.

If you have a thick carpet and want to remove any tracks the vacuum makes (it’s called shading), you might try vacuuming in one direction, and then smoothing the carpet surface by hand.

Become fit by following these wonderful tips

Whether you are trying to obtain into shape, enter much better shape or are in the best shape of your life, you will have the ability to take advantage of our fitness suggestions. We have searched out the current and the greatest tips and can assist you reach any fitness goal that you want./p>

, if you actually want to get excellent looking abs you should not work them every day.. In order for you to build up muscle you need to provide it a chance to regrow and recuperate between exercises. , if you desire excellent results you must only work your abs three times a week.

Even when you are not taking part in a structured fitness program, find means to keep moving. The even more physical activity you consist of in your life, the happier you will be with your level of fitness.

When pursuing your fitness objectives, it is important that you keep your muscles limber. Otherwise, you might pull a muscle and be out of commission for a while. If you are under the age of forty, you need to hold stretches for thirty seconds. If you are over the age of forty, you must hold your stretches for sixty seconds due to the fact that your muscles get less flexible as you age.

If you experience often jammed fingers, it is essential that you tape the obstructed finger to a finger alongside it when working out. When you have your fingers taped together this means, you are less most likely to bend your fingers. Likewise, the two fingers you have taped together will be stronger.

Guard your cardio fitness level during and after a cardiac arrest with aspirin. Take an aspirin and call 911 if you are aware you are having a heart attack. Following your cardiovascular disease, take aspirin once a day for a month to enhance your cardio fitness level and safeguard you versus a reoccurrence of cardiac arrest.

Take note of the devices of the exercise club you choose. See to it the equipment is well preserved, current, often sterilized and has enough space in between each device. Enough area makes sure sufficient individual area to exercise, while appropriately preserved devices ensures mishap totally free, safe training. Always examine the devices before you utilize it.

When beginning a new exercise program, have a strategy! Make a list of your goals in an exercise journal. Pick an exercise that you delight in, and start by carrying out a low intensity version of this. With every week, enhance the intensity and include an extra 5 minutes to your workout. Bear in mind to make a note of your progress in your exercise journal, as this will just motivate you to stick with the plan.

As you can see, anybody can gain from fitness ideas. There is constantly something to find out no matter your level of fitness. There is always a much better or various means of doing something, that you can try to check if it works much better than exactly what you are currently doing.

Whether you are attempting to obtain into shape, enter much better shape or are in the best shape of your life, you will certainly be able to benefit from these excellent physical fitness pointers which can assist you reach any physical fitness objective that you have in mind.

Anybody can take advantage of getting in shape. There is always something to find out no matter your level of physical fitness. There is always a better or various way of doing something, that you can attempt to check if it works better than exactly what you are presently doing.

Countertop Design Tips For Creating And Designing A Tile Backsplash

Done correctly, a tile backsplash can bring unity and eye-catching beauty to any kitchen. The following countertop design tips will help you create the perfect backsplash for your home.

Take Precise Measurements and Create a Template.

Measure the diagonal, horizontal, and vertical measurements of the backsplash space. Tile countertop experts suggest creating a design template once you have the basic measurements. With a to-scale template, you can make a dozen copies and try your hand at several designs to find one that you like best. Keep reading to learn countertop design principles to help with your creative process.

Review Tile Backsplash & Countertop Design Trends.

As in all aspects of home improvement, countertop design changes with current fads. Contemporary tile countertops and backsplashes often feature these trends:

1. Reflective Tiles to Boost Light Levels

Countertop design gurus recommend metallic or glass tiles for darker spaces. These materials will reflect light and make the whole room appear brighter.

2. Three Cheers for Ceramic

Ceramic has been a popular tile material for millennia, for a few simple reasons: Ceramic is beautiful, durable, and easy to clean. White ceramic subway tiles are especially popular at the moment.

3. The Mixed Media Approach

There’s no rule that says your backsplash must be composed of entirely one material. Your backsplash design may be enhanced with the inclusion of several materials, such as stone, stainless steel, marble, and ceramic tiles.

4. Rich Colors

Countertop design currently holds that the backsplash is a zone for expression – so you can get away with using a bright tone, as long as it doesn’t clash with the rest of your dcor.

5. Go for the Bronze

Metallic tiles are a great way to jazz up a boring space. Think about including bronze accents in your countertop design. You shouldn’t have a hard time finding bronze tile. Countertop gurus suggest installing bronze plumbing fixtures as well, to achieve design consistency.

Match the Design Style in Your House

Each house has its own style. While creating your tile countertop and backsplash area, think about matching your design to the overall theme of your home. American homes often include these styles:

1. Modern

Neutral tones, open space, and bursts of accent colors: these are the hallmarks of the modern style. Stainless steel backsplashes and tile countertops compliment a modern design. Pental’s Everyone Stainless Steel tiles from are an excellent choice – of you could always install monochromatic ceramic tiles.

2. French Country

The French Country style features floral designs and country motifs in blues, reds, and yellows. If this is your style, consider United Tile’s Walker Zanger “Contessa” collection, which features hand-painted ceramic tiles based on French, Moroccan, Italian and even Chinese styles.

3. Mediterranean

Leather and wood furniture, iron accessories, and mosaic tiles are endemic to Mediterranean design. Tile countertops are also common. If your home has a Mediterranean feel, check out United Tile’s stone mosaics and travertine collections.

Coastal, Arts and Crafts, Mid-Century Modern, and Asian are also popular styles in modern home design. Your home might feature a different dcor mode in each room – no problem! Just match your countertop design to the style in your kitchen.

Once you have a solid design, the next step is to build it! Or, you could always call a tile countertop expert to do the construction work for you.

Mica Panel Heaters vs Oil Filled Radiators

Mica panel heaters, also know as micathermic heaters, share many of the heating benefits of oil filled radiators. Both are 1,500 watt radiant heaters and rely on convection (rising heat) to distribute their heat. These qualities allow for noise free operation – a genuine benefit for some individuals. Although you’ll see the occasional comment regarding the creaking and clanking of an oil filled radiator as it heats up, this should be but a short lived irritation to those who are driven to distraction by the relentless whir associated with a fan forced heater. And, since there is no fan to incite a dust cloud of allergens, these radiant convection heaters are of benefit to those afflicted with asthma or other sorts of respiratory issues. Next, let’s look at some of differences between mica panel and radiator heaters. The typical radiator heater, at 27 pounds, weighs around twice as much as a mica heater. Casters notwithstanding, a radiator could be awkward for some to relocate from room to room when using it for zone heating. And if the room where you need it is cramped for space you could end up with an unwanted conversation piece in the middle of the room. On the other hand, the slim line profile of a mica panel heater is unobtrusive and lends itself nicely to tight spots or crowded areas. Some brands of heaters can even be installed on the wall. One of the main complaints customers have with radiant convection heaters is the length of time they need to heat a room. But this is where the marvel of mica comes in to play. The exceptional heat transfer qualities of mica, long employed by heavy industry, allow it to immediately radiate warmth into the room – even without a fan. So it’s either that, or wait for 5 quarts of oil to heat up.

Take a look at the only 5 star rated micathermic heater at Small Space Heater Reviews.

Tips On Emceeing How To Mc A Wedding The Right Way

Aside from the groom and the bride, the master of ceremony, emcee, or toastmaster is imperative to the wedding celebration. If you have been assigned as the toastmaster to your friends wedding, yet you have no clear ideas on being an emcee, read this article as it dishes out tips on emceeing, and also teach you how to MC a wedding in the proper manner.

Being Confident

One of the requirements you have to meet if you have been selected to serve as the MC for the marriage reception is to show self confidence. This means that you have to speak loud enough, not have any stutters, not have a shaking voice, and all that. If the master of ceremony is not confident enough during the event, it can lead to a chaotic party, and you can expect other friends and relatives of yours to refrain from asking you to be their wedding emcees.

Practicing In Advanced

Being an emcee also requires you to have a good amount of practice before the day of the wedding. Enough practice is included in tips on emceeing because practicing will help boost your confidence, and will enable you to avoid making boo boos during the reception. In fact, having sufficient practice is an important advice on how to MC a wedding that every toastmaster has to utilize.

You can practice your master of ceremony hosting by facing a mirror, or while your close friends are watching so they can give you feedback on what things you did well and what things need improvements or revisions.

Preparing A Script

Being an emcee (a good one) also means that you have to come up with a script that can serve as your guide during the marriage celebration. Make a script starting from the introduction, up to the end of the party. One of the tips on emceeing is to review your script ahead of time, not just on the actual day of the celebration, so that youll know it by heart when your moment comes. Having a prepared script is a pointer on the topic: how to MC a wedding because it also makes it easier for you to make revisions or add some things to your performance to make the show better. Without scripts, emcees become more nervous and can also make the announcements boring, repetitive, and the like.

Interacting With People

Every master of ceremony should also be able to interact well with all kinds of people in the wedding reception. Do not just talk to the bride and groom, but also talk to the couples parents, the members of the wedding party, various guests who attended the event, and so on. Be the life of the party because the success of the reception also lies in your hands.

These tips on emceeing can help you become one of the best emcees not only for wedding events, but also for birthday parties, reunions, and many other occasions.

Gas Furnace Type and Functions

Gas Furnace Functions

The process performed by a regular conventional gas furnace is quite simple in theory. The gas furnace is located in a large box and in order to control the temperature in your home or office the furnace takes in cold air, cleans this cold air by running it through an air filter, heats up the cold air by the use of a gas burner and a steel heat exchanger, then distributes the warm air through the ductwork in your home or office by using a blower. So as you can see the theory behind the heating and cooling cycle performed by a gas furnace is quite simple.

Gas Furnace Process

Once the gas furnace has completed the heating process and the warm air is inside your home, the air will begin to go through a natural cooling process. This cooling process makes it necessary to remove the cool air from you home and replace it warm air. This continual air heating and cooling exchange is performed by using return ducts which suck the cool air back to the gas furnace through return air grills and ductwork so it can run through the heating process again. Located on the return air grills and ductwork there is a device called a humidifier. This helps to control the humidity of the air inside your home so that the heated air is not too dry. This is an important process as the air can become very dry as is continues to go through the heating and cooling process performed by the gas furnace.

Gas Furnace Main Types

A conventional gas furnace is defined as anywhere up to 89% AFUE (annual fuel utilization efficiency) whereas anything above 90% is defined as a high efficiency condensing furnace. These high efficiency condensing furnaces are a little more complex than a conventional furnace. It uses slightly different technology to perform the heating and cooling function. The main differences lie in the method used to extract heat from the combustion process and the method used to exhaust the combustion gases. To put it simply, there is not a greater overall efficiency difference in the combustion process in a high efficiency condensing furnace compared to a conventional gas furnace. The difference in efficiency lies in the heat extraction process after combustion has occurred. Both the conventional gas furnace and the high efficiency condensing furnace use gas burners with electronic ignition systems.

The gas furnace heating system can sound a little complicated at first but its actually quite a simple theory. The engineering and design of a HVAC heating system is much more complicated to understand and implement. However, if you put in the effort to understand how a gas furnace works then performing simple maintenance and troubleshooting can be done yourself without hiring the services of a HVAC contractor.

This article has outlined a simplified version of the heating process performed by a gas furnace, and also what happens to the air once the cooling process begins. There are a number of other articles and videos on this Vancouver heating and cooling HVAC website that may also help further your knowledge on other HVAC aspects in addition to the function and process performed by a gas furnace.